Salvador Dalí was born in 1904 in Spain. In 1922 he enters San Fernando Academy of Art (Madrid). Among his colleagues are Buñuel and García Lorca. Dalí experiments with Cubism, Futurism and Purism. In 1926, due to disciplinary problems he is dismissed from the Academy. He paints mutilated corpses and objects in different stages of decay. In 1929, Dalí and Buñuel create the scandalous film An Andalusian Dog. Dalí moves to Paris, meets with André Breton and joins the Surrealist circle. He meets Magritte, Arp and Ếluard and falls in love with Ếluard’s wife Gala– who is soon to become his muse.
Like fellow Surrealists, Dalí becomes obsessed with psychoanalysis and paranoia, which brings him to the creation of the “paranoic-critical-method” in his dealing with Surrealist objects. In the 1930s his relationship with Breton deteriorates, and Breton baptizes him “Avida Dollars”. After the Nazi invasion of France, Dalí and Gala leave for America. He collaborates with Alfred Hitchcock and Walt Disney and continues to display his work. The Atomic bomb fascinates Dalí and he starts to incorporate “atomic elements” in his work. At the same time he seeks influence and inspiration in classicism as well as in spirituality and Catholicism. His new style is described as “Nuclear Mysticism” – a mixture of scientific iconography and religious mysticism. Salvador Dalí dies in 1989.