Marc Chagall was born in 1887 in Vitebsk. He studies at Y. Pen School of Painting (1906). He takes lessons at E. Zvantseva Art School with L. Bakst and M. Dobuzhinsky (Saint Petersburg). He moves to Paris (1910) and meets Braque, Picasso, Leger, Archipenko, Modigliani, Cendrars, Apollinaire among others. He participates in the Salon des Indépendants. Chagall joins the Donkey’s Tail group in Berlin and his work is exhibited at Der Sturm Gallery. In 1914 he returns to Vitebsk and marries his muse Bella (1915). After the war (1918), he is appointed Commissioner of Fine Arts for Regional Education in Vitebsk. He founds and directs the Vitebsk Popular Art School. In 1919 he heads the Free Painting Workshop.
He exhibits with Altman and Shterenberg in Moscow (1922). He moves to Paris (1923) and holds several exhibitions. He travels to the Middle East and makes biblical illustrations (1930-1931). His work is associated with major artistic styles synthesizing Symbolist, Fauvist and Cubist elements. Chagall leaves occupied France for America in 1942. He creates costumes and sets for Stravinsky’s The Fire Bird (1945). He returns to France and moves to Vence, where he creates ceramics and lithographs. In 1957 he starts his series of stained glass windows (Metz, Reims, New York, London, Jerusalem, and Zurich). In 1963 his work is displayed in Japan. Chagall paints the frescos for the ceiling of the Paris Opera House (1964). In 1977 his work Recent Paintings 1967-1977 is exhibited at the Louvre. Chagall dies in 1985.