El Lissitzky (Lazar Markovich Lissitzky) was born in 1890 in Russia. He spends his youth in Vitebsk. Refused entrance into the Academy of Art in Saint Petersburg in 1909, he enters the Darmstadt Technische Hochschule. In 1917,Lissitzky participates in the first exhibition of Jewish artists in Moscow. In 1918, he joins the Educational Commissariat of the Bolshevik government, illustrating Yiddish and Hebrew children books. In 1919 he teaches at Vitebsk Art Academy. With the arrival of Malevich, Lissitzky, influenced by Suprematism, begins his abstract series of drawings and lithographs, which he calls Prouns. In 1920 he joins the Institute of Artistic Culture (Moscow) becoming an adherent of Constructivism. In Berlin (1922), he and I. Ehrenburg cofound the Veshch / Object / Gegenstand on Constructivism.
Lissitzky participates in the International Dada Congress (Düsseldorf, 1922), publishes an article on Prouns in De Stijl, and visits the Bauhaus (Weimar). He designs V. Mayakovsky’s Dlia golosa (1923), using new abstract Constructivist design and typography, and creats the Proun room at the Great Berlin Art Exhibition. In 1924, he works with K. Schwitters and later with J. Arp. In 1925, Lissitzky returns to Moscow. His designs in 1926, for the Constructivist Art Room at the International Art Show in Dresden, cemented his fame as a cutting-edge artist and designer. In 1926, he produces works for Soviet trade exhibitions and propaganda shows. These include display rooms that fuse his interest in architecture, photomontage, photo-collage, typography, and posters. Lissitzky dies in 1941 in Moscow.