Wassily Kandinsky was born in 1866 in Moscow. He studies and later teaches at the Law Faculty of Moscow University (1886-1892). He decides to become an artist and travels to Germany. He studies music and is influenced by Theosophy. In 1897 he takes courses with A. Azbe in Munich. He enters the Munich Academy of Arts and studies under F. Stuck. In 1901 he cofounds the Phalanx group and teaches art (Munich). He meets Gabriele Münter who is to become his companion until 1914. In 1904 his work is shown at the Salon d’Automne (Paris). He travels in Europe (1906-1908). In 1909 he cofounds the New Group of Artists that participate in a show at Thannhauser’s Moderne Galerie (Munich).
In 1911 he publishes On the Spiritual in Art. He works on the Blue Rider’s Almanac with F. Marc. The Blue Rider group exhibits at Moderne Galerie (Munich, 1911), and at Galerie H. Goltz (1912). His work is shown at Der Strum Gallery (Berlin, 1912). In 1914, (during W.W.I) he returns to Russia. He works at the People’s Commissariat of Education and is later in charge of establishing art museum in the provinces. In 1921 he returns to Germany and teaches at the Bauhaus (Weimar, 1922) and later in Dessau (1925). In 1924 he cofounds the group of the Blue Four with L. Feininger, P. Klee and A. von Jawlensky. The National Socialists close the Bauhaus in 1933 and Kandinsky moves to Paris. In 1937, his work is declared degenerate art and is confiscated by the National Socialists. Kandinsky dies in Paris in 1944.