Robert Falk was born in Moscow in 1886. He takes art lessons with Yuon, Dudin and Mashkov (1903-1904). He studies under Serov and Korovin at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1905-1010). At the time he admires Cézanne and the Post-Impressionists. In 1911 he visits Italy where he takes courses in medieval architecture and Classicism. He participates in the Blue Rider exhibitions (1910-1911), and is a founding member of Jack of Diamonds (1910-1917). He takes part in the World of Art exhibitions (1911-1917). In 1918 he joins IZO where he teaches plastic arts. In 1925 he becomes member of The Painters of Moscow group.
On 1928 he travels to Paris, there he meets artists, intellectuals, writers and play writers. He returns to Russia in 1938. From 1941 to 1944 (during World War II), he lives and works in Samarkand. In the 1950s, he designs costumes and sets for Jean-Paul Sartre’s plays in Paris. During the de-Stalinization era he gains popularity among young artists and intellectuals that consider him the linking chain between popular traditions and French Modernism on one hand, and the first and second avant-garde movements on the other hand. Falk dies in Moscow in 1958.