Kazimir Malevich was born in Kiev in 1878. He studies in the Art School in Kiev (1895-6), and later at Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (1904-1910). He is member of: The Jack of Diamonds (1910, 1914, 1917), The Donkey Tail( 1912), The Union of Youth (1913), “0.10” – 1915-1916, The Target (1913), Tramway V (1915), among other manifestations. In 1920-1922 he organizes the Unovis exhibitions (Vitebsk and Moscow). In 1913 he develops Suprematism – “the first systematic school of abstract painting in the modern movement”, introduced during the 1915 “0-10” exhibition. Malevich exhibits Black Quadrilateral on White created while collaborating with Matyushin on the futurist opera Victory over the Sun.
In 1915 he publishes Cubism and Futurism towards Suprematism. Suprematism refers to the superiority of pure feeling over objectivity in art. Simple geometric forms such as a square, a rectangle, a triangle, a circle, etc. as well as intersecting lines when composed into dynamic structures on a flat surface, or set into spatial constructions (architectons) – are meant to express speed and rhythm. In Suprematist Composition White on White (1918), he strives to eliminate all superfluous elements, including color. In 1919 he holds a one-man show and publishes New Systems in Art. Between 1918-1919 Malevich is member of the Department of Visual Arts at the People’s Commissariat for Enlightenment. He publishes The Nonobjective World (1926). He acts as Director of the Museum of Artistic Culture (Petrograd). Malevich dies in 1935.