Joan Miró was born in Barcelona (Spain), in 1893. He studies at the Lonja School of Fine Arts and later at Francisco Gali’s Academy. Miró helds his first exhibition in 1918 in Barcelona. His works of that period are influenced by Catalan primitive and religious art. In 1919 he travels to Paris and is introduced to Fauvism, Cubism and later to Dada & Surrealism. He holds his first exhibition in Paris in 1921 at La Licorne Art Gallery. One of his major works The Farm was painted in the three places that defined his life from 1921 to 1922: his parents’ farm in Montroig, Barcelona and Paris.
Painter, sculptor, ceramist and poet, Miró works with Max Ernst on the stage sets and costumes for the Ballets Russes. In 1924 he joins the circle of the Surrealists. His interest in collages dates from 1929. At that time he starts to make his surrealist sculptures and his monsters’ cycle. Miró experiments with different mediums such as lithography, etchings, water and pastel colors. From the 1960s on, his work becomes more monumental and symbolic, although his colors remain brilliant. The Joan Miró Foundation Centre of Contemporary Art Study is inaugurated in Barcelona in 1976. He dies in 1983.